1 Corinthians 6:4
4 If then you have judgments of things pertaining to this life, set them to judge who are least esteemed in the church.
Is Paul using hyperbole? Hyperbole is exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally. Paul does this a lot in his writings. Of course, we all do it from time to time. Hyperbole is part of normal conversation. Some people don’t get hyperbole which causes them to take something as literal when it should be understood figuratively.
Paul says set the least esteemed in the church to judge.
The golden rule of interpretation says,
When the plain sense of Scripture makes common sense, seek no other sense.
In this case, the least esteemed means those who are utterly despised or those of no account. That does not make common sense, to set the most despised person in the church as a judge. A foolish person would not have any clue how to judge righteously. This is not likely a command for the church to follow in judgments of things pertaining to this life.
Why use this hyperbole? Verse 5 will clear it up.