1 Corinthians 1:2 (AV)
2 Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours:
Unto the church of God which is at Corinth. The word church is the Greek word, ekklesia which means assembly. The church is not a building, rather a gathering of people. The assembly in Corinth was founded by the apostle Paul, along with Aquila and Priscilla. Paul gained converts by “reasoning and persuading” (Acts 18:4) in the synagogue every Sabbath day (Saturday).
Sanctified in Christ is a term of dedication. It could mean some kind of moral behavior, but it’s doubtful Paul means that here (I read ahead and know what is coming later in the letter). To be sanctified is to be dedicated to the service and to loyalty to deity. In this case, Christ Jesus. Sanctified may mean ‘those who have given themselves to God’ or, ‘those who serve God with a whole heart.’ It is more accurate to say that our sanctification is imputed to us by Christ at the moment of salvation. Our sanctification is not a process. We are made sanctified by Jesus Christ. If you are a believer, you are sanctified.
This letter is written to,
- the assembly of God which is at Corinth.
- to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called saints (the words “to be” are not in the Greek).
- with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord.
Notice how the saints are mentioned separately from all that in every place call…
This could indicate that when Paul mentions saints he is meaning Jewish believers. Both theirs and ours certainly seems to lead us to consider this. Theirs and ours either refers to every place or to Jesus Christ. The Newberry Greek Interlinear puts the word order as:
In every place, both theirs and ours calling on the name of our Lord Jesus.
Are saints, when mentioned in the New Testament, redeemed Jews? Is there a differentiation between saints (Jews) and all that…call upon the name of Jesus? If so, it could mean evangelicals need to rethink certain interpretations of various New Testament books, like 1 Peter. We must remember the Bible is a Jewish book. Either way, praise the Lord Gentiles are grafted in.